Smart growth helps clean air and water, cuts energy consumption, stretches water resources farther, and promotes healthier living. By grouping homes closer together, denser development also consumes less land, leaving more room for parks, surrounding farms and open spaces, and other green areas. When homes, shops, offices, and other job sites are closer together, we all drive less, reducing air pollution and saving dollars. Compact developments – from homes on lots that are sized to be pedestrian-friendly to townhouses and condominiums – generally require less water and often use less energy for heating and cooling. Finally, smart growth leads to walkable, bike-friendly communities with a variety of destinations – shops, parks, public squares, and transit stops – within easy reach, giving residents thoroughly livable neighborhoods.
Density Transportation Housing Greenfields Environment